sabato 14 dicembre 2013


Archaeological research aimed at the reconstruction of the landscape of Puglia and Salento has had over the last fifteen years, a strong impetus to the studies conducted in the field. In fact, through the study of the sources, excavations and surveys in the area it was possible to identify a considerable number of archaeological sites that span a very wide span , starting from prehistoric times , comes down to the final stages of the Late Middle Ages and beyond.

Findings in sea-University of Salento
The region actually has a long history , and archeology has allowed us to give valuable evidence in the light of life and artistic expression among the oldest and most important of all the Italian soil , such as graffiti and cave Zinzulusa Romanelli , dating 12,000 years ago, and the multitude of dolmens , menhirs and specchie that bring the local prehistoric cultures to those of Western Europe.

Of particular interest are the excavations conducted in Salento ( Horse , Large , Muro Leccese , etc. . ) To shed light on the enigmatic people of the Messapians , also known by the names of Calabri , Salento and Iapigi , and a history in which there is still a halo of poor . And it is still the Salento to document the most ancient contacts between the Italian peninsula and the East as evidenced by the graves of Cellino S. Mark ( dating from the early second millennium BC. ) And the underground crypts , taste and Byzantine rite and still decorated with wonderful frescoes . The passage of the Roman Empire came to light the impressive amphitheater that occupies much of the central Piazza S. Oronzo in Lecce (the ancient Lupiae ) , the Roman theater and some well preserved old Trajan way that connected with Lupiae Brundisium (Brindisi ) . In Taranto , are preserved the important finds from the ancient Greek civilization in Puglia.

Largest and most important fact is the core of pottery, mainly from the excavations of the necropolis of Taranto , which boasts vases, goblets , vases and ceramics in the unmistakable style of gnathia ( black paint with clear colors and shapes of different gradation from red to yellow ) , ending in Arezzo pottery red coral from the Roman period . Another section provides the opportunity to admire the precious gold of Peucezia , from Ruvo di Puglia , in the sixth century. Taranto and products of the fourth century (earrings , rings, a singular nucifrangibulum , ie a nutcracker bronze , consisting of two hands furniture) from excavations of the necropolis rich towns .

At the museum belong to the spread of Montegranaro marble kore , the Zeus bronze Ugento , head of Apollo limestone and another head , probably Hera , marble and limestone. The bloody history of Puglia and the multitude of people who over the centuries have taken place in the area are witness in two other important archaeological sites : Egnathia ( messapico center in origin , then the Byzantine Empire , and finally important Roman port located between Bari and Brindisi ) and the battle of Cannae , site of the legendary battle between Hannibal and the Romans . Other notable sites gave new light to settlements of medieval origin. It is in the majority of rural settlements for which written sources available, particularly for the Byzantine period and the subsequent Norman-Swabian period , are extremely have information .

The houses found they provided accurate directions to the difficult working conditions in the fields, on the costume and the daily habits of the time. Catch our eye in particular his studies in Martano Povincia of Lecce in the hamlet of Apigliano , an ancient village , similar to the structures and spaces chorion Byzantine important precisely because it is open and not in possession of any defensive measure, as was the Kastéllion .

Nessun commento:

Posta un commento